OEvres de M.J. Ch (Marie-Joseph de Chénier) pdf, epub, doc

AKA M. J. Chénier
AKA Marie-Joseph Chénier

Marie-Joseph Blaise de Chénier a été un poète, dramaturge et homme politique français. Fils de Louis de Chénier, diplomate et historien, et frère cadet du poète André Chénier, Marie-Joseph Chénier naquit comme lui à Constantinople mais passa son enfance à Carcassonne, fit ses études au collège de Navarre à Paris.

Membre du club des Cordeliers et de la Commune de Paris, Marie-Joseph Chénier avait été élu député à la Convention par le département de Seine-et-Oise. Il y fut du parti de Danton. Il vota la mort de Louis XVI.

Au théâtre, il se signale surtout par le choix presque systématique de sujets mettant en scène le fanatisme aux prises avec l'esprit de liberté. Camille Desmoulins affirma que Charles IX avait fait davantage pour la Révolution que les journées d'octobre 1789.

Comme poète, Marie-Joseph Chénier a composé des satires qui ne manquent pas de mordant, des épigrammes parfois bien trouvées, des élégies, comme La Promenade, des épîtres, dont la plus appréciée en son temps fut l'Epître à Voltaire (1806).
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Marie-Joseph Blaise de Chénier was a French poet, dramatist and politician of Greek origin. Son of Louis de Chénier, diplomat and historian, and the younger brother of André Chénier, de Chénier was born in Constantinople but grew up in Carcassonne. He was educated in Paris at the Collège de Navarre.

As a member of the Convention, de Chénier was instrumental in the reorganization of state education and the founding of the Conservatoire de Musique, the Institut, and the École Polytechnique.He was also a member of the Council of Five Hundred and the Tribunate during the French Revolution, and he voted for the death of Louis XVI. His political career ended in 1802, when he was eliminated with others from the tribunate for his opposition to Napoleon Bonaparte.

As a poet, de Chenier wrote biting satires, as well as national songs, elegies, and tragedies. He also wrote a number of political and historical plays, the then-most popular being Charles IX (1789) which was suppressed for nearly two years by the censor. When finally produced on November 4, 1789, it was an immense success due in part to its political suggestion, and Camille Desmoulins said that the piece did more for the French Revolution than the days of October.

* Source: wikipedia (French and English)

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